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ABSTRACTS FROM INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR UTA'45 JAKARTA 2020‘


ENGINEERING

 

MANUFACTURE OF FILAMENT POLYLACTIC ACID (PLA) RECYCLING EQUIPMENT FROM WASTE 3D PRINT

Didit Sumardiyanto; Setiawan Putra

Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

Jl. Sunter Permai Raya No. 1 Sunter Agung Podomoro, Jakarta Utara (14350)

diditsumardiyanto4@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: Plastic waste is an organic waste composed of chemicals that are harmful to the environment and require a long time to decompose in the soil. One way to reduce plastic waste is to recycle it. At this time quite a lot of making plastic material tool components using a 3D printer. In the process of making a prototype using a 3D printer, the material used is a plastic filament type PLA (PolyLactic Acid). In the process of making prototypes with a 3D printer, failures often occur and there are also leftover filaments from the main form of the prototype at the time of finishing which accumulates into waste. The filament waste from the support and filament parts of the failed print is reprocessed which can be reused because it uses the same material.

Starting with this problem, a polylactic acid (PLA) waste processing device called an extruder machine was made so that PLA waste can be reused for a 3D printer machine.

From the extruder machine that was built, the best filament results were obtained for a production capacity of 155 g/h with a filament diameter of 1.75 mm at a heating temperature of 104 oC with a screw speed of 60 rpm.

Keywords: Garbage filament, extruder, polylactic acid

 

SELECTION MATERIALSTANK FOR MARINE FUEL OIL (MFO)

Andi Saidah

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

andi.saidah@uta45jakarta.ac.id

ABSTRACT: In the selection of construction materials fuel oil especially storage tanks, who are the ship at any time can burst and risking the safety of thousands of lives must be kept and efforts should be made so that the construction is materials are not experiencing failure of during the burden on the given is still below the power of standard when they on certain condition materials failing under the force theoretical. This research aims to find out the material that fit for fuel marine fuel oil (MFO) choose a good and right, materials and counting the power of the tank so resistant to pressure choose a good and fitting, material and computing the power of a tank that resistant to pressure the methodology used is a field study by taking data that is on a ship and methods of the literature study. The research found the results of the true voltage stress longitudinal, voltage, and mobile the largest occurs in voltage mobile which using a weld 4,832 x 107 Pa to material AISI 304 L. and thermal stress due to different temperature size is 4,486 x 107 Pa 100oC at a temperature of but is still less than a voltage permission material. The result of the selection of the thickness of a wall thick tank with a tank (5 mm to 6 mm) producing a voltage occurring becomes(8,528 X 106 menjadi 7,106 X 106). But still leave small of voltage material (56,819 X 106) and temperature on 100o not secure as voltage temperature was large of voltage material.

As the exporters of energy material have really come to dominate national foreign exchange earnings. In addition to the national economic development with a high level of growth footed a year and the addition of another industry that is quite high increases the need for oil especially domestic demand. The situation at present would have required new various policies to their own generation who is going to come in the energy sector, so it needs sets up a tank that is specialized for marine fuel oil. ~

 

BEST AIRFOIL NACA 0013 ATTACK ANGLE WHEN TAKING OFF

M. Fajri Hidayat1, Yos Nofendri2

1Departement of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Jl.

Sunter Permai Raya, Jakarta, 14350, Indonesia

2Departement of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Jl.

Sunter Permai Raya, Jakarta, 14350, Indonesia

ABSTRACT: The aerospace world in Indonesia is increasingly lethargic, it takes talented researchers in the field of Aerodynamics in order to re-establish the good name and dignity of the Nation. My research this time aims at the field of the aerodynamics of the cross-section of airfoil aircraft wing type NACA 0013 by finding the right angle of attack for Taking Off. The method I use with the application of CFD Simulation using Software ANSYS-Fluent version 14.5 with Workbench. The results obtained from this study will be tabulated in the table and graph of the relationship between the Lift to the Angles of Attack. By taking the variable angle of attack as many as 9 variables that is 0o, 3o, 6o, 9o, 12o, 15o, 18o, 21o, and 24o. From the Simulation results obtained the best angle of attack for the type of NACA 0013 is 21o with the price of Lifting Force of 61,650 N.

Keywords: Aerospace; Airfoil NACA 0013; Angle of Attack; ANSYS Fluent; Lift

 

THE EFFECT OF INERTER ON TUNED MASS DAMPER INERTER (TMDI) TO RESPONSE STRUCTURE

Ansadilla Niar Sitanggang

NIDN: 0328068903

ABSTRACT: Inerter consists of two terminals and receives a force in acceleration on both terminals so as the mechanical movement, instead of influenced by one terminal only, both terminals will affect each other to cause the motion. Because of the benefits stated before, then will create a system combining TMD and more inert named Tuned Mass Damper Inerter (TMDI). Marian and Giaralis have found this idea and have tried to use it in high-rise buildings excited by the wind. Nevertheless, trying the effectiveness of TMD on wind excitation is not enough, reckon that much of structural failures caused by the earthquake. According to that situation, in this research, discuss more inert's effect on TMDI disturbed by earthquakes. To demonstrate the effect from the inerter in TMDI, that damper system will assemble in the 12th building formed from concrete.

With optimized response structure-function specifically displacement, solution of TMDI design will face some numerical calculation with estimated design parameters that are frequency ratio (f) and damping ratio (ξ). That optimization will be done in every variation mass of TMDI. Moreover, it is because the more inert can accept acceleration on both of its terminals, the more inert will attach to lower floors where TMDI is placed. That is the difference between TMD and TMDI because the more inert can receive acceleration either from TMDI itself or with the attachment floor.

The optimization brings in a principle that f is getting closer to natural frequency with the value of 𝛽 is increasing. Meanwhile, when the value of f is rising, then ξ will drop. Besides parametric design, the location of TMDI attached to other floors is a matter that must be considered. In this case of study, if TMDI attached to the 12th floor down to the 7th then the response structure will climb or equal to the response structure without more inert on TMD. Structure responses that using TMDI show that the bigger acceleration deviation between both terminal inerter, the better performance of TMDI for suppressing response. That differentiates of acceleration indicates TMDI and the attachment floor are getting further. In addition to better structure response, TMDI itself doesn't need to add big mass. In the example for decreasing 20% of response structure, TMDI will need mass 4 times lighter from TMD mass.

Keywords: TMD, more inert, TMDI, structure response, mass

 

 EFFECT OF WELDING ELECTRODE VARIATION ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF LOW CARBON STEEL API 5L SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDS

Sri Endah Susilowati, Didit S

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonasia.

Jl. Sunter Permai Raya, Sunter Agung Podomoro Jakarta Utara 14350

sriendah.susilowati@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT: Eluding is a metallurgical bond on metal alloy joints that is carried out in a melted or liquid state. The process of welding doesn’t merely bond the two pieces together as in brazing and soldering, but, through the use of extreme heat and sometimes the addition of other metals or gases, causes the metallic structures of the two pieces to join together and become one. This study aims to determine the effect of the types of electrodes E 6010 and E 7016 on the mechanical properties and microstructure of API 5L low carbon steel through SMAW welding. The welding variable used consists of various types of welding electrodes. The types of welding electrodes are E 6010, E7016 and the welding current given is 110A. The type of welding seam used is v-groove with an angle of 60o... Welding samples were cut and machined to standard configurations for tensile strength, impact, hardness tests, and SEM for microstructure tests. The results show that there are significant effects of the type of electrodes on mechanical properties as the tensile strength, impact, and hardness on the welding metal. The result shows that the highest tensile strength is obtained by the E 7016 electrode with a tensile strength value of 617 MPa, while the E 6010 electrode has a tensile strength of 554 MPa, while the highest toughness occurs at the E 7016 electrode with a toughness value of 1.856 Joules/mm2. The highest average hardness occurred in the E 7016 weld metal area of 186.9 VHN. Observation microstructure by SEM shows several phases namely Acicular Ferrite (AF), Grain Boundary Ferrite (GBF), and Bainite.

Keywords: electrodes, weld metal, mechanical properties, microstructure.

 

 PHARMACEUTICALS

 

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND EVALUATION ANTI ACNE CREAM TO PROPIONIBACTERIUM ACNES FROM JACK FRUIT LEAVES EXTRACT

(Artocarpus Heterophyllus L.)

* Sutriningsih1, Rifatun Najah1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: vinnelaras@yahoo.co.id

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: Acne is a disorder of the skin that is characterized by inflammation accompanied by a blockage in the oil gland ducts in the skin caused by the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes. One of the drugs that can be used as acne medicine is jackfruit leaves. The combination of jackfruit leaf extract (Artocarpus heterophyllous L.) is formulated into a cream preparation with varying concentrations of different combinations, then tested its activity against bacteria (Propionibacterium acne) by the disk diffusion method. The positive control used is patent product X and the negative control used is a cream base. The resulting cream formula can inhibit the growth of propionium bacterium. Formula 3 with a 7% concentration of jackfruit leaf extract has the best activity with an average diameter of inhibition of 14.32 mm. Evaluation of cream preparations has optimal

stability.

Keyword: Cream, Jackfruit, Propionibacterium acnes, Stability

 

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF GRACILARIOPSIS LONGISSIMA LIPID AGAINST SALMONELLA TYPHI AND ESCHERICHIA COLI, AND ANALYSIS OF ITS FATTY ACID CONTENT USING GCMS

* Bulan Ridlowinati1, Sumantri1, RiongSeulina Panjaitan1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: vinnelaras@yahoo.co.id

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: Macroalga (Seaweed) is one of the abundant marine resources in the Indonesian ocean. Red macroalga, Gracilariopsis longissima contain especially secondary metabolites which have antibacterial activities. In this research, the lipid of Gracilariopsis longissima as the primary metabolite was extracted using the maceration technique with a mixture of methanol and chloroform (1: 2 v/v) as its solvent. The lipid content of Gracilariopsis longissima was then identified using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The antibacterial activities against Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli were assayed by a disc-diffusion method which involves the determination of its inhibition zone. For this purpose, a series of five different concentrations of 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% were used. The results showed that the inhibition zone of the 80% and 100% concentration of the lipid extract of chloroform layer, and the 100% concentration of the lipid extract of methanol layer for Salmonella typhi, were 2.56 mm, 1,86 mm, and 2,89 mm which were higher than its negative controls of 1,79 mm and 2,85 mm respectively. Similarly, the inhibition zone of the 80% and 100% concentration of the lipid extract of the methanol layer, and the 100% concentration of the lipid extract of chloroform layer for Escherichia coli, were 1,76 mm, 2,94 mm, and 3,00 mm, which were higher than its negative controls of 1,67 mm and 2,40 mm respectively. These results showed that chloroform and methanol layers of the lipid extract of Gracilariopsis longissima had antibacterial activities against Salmonella typhi with a minimum inhibition concentration of 80% in chloroform and 100% in methanol, whereas chloroform and methanol layers of the lipid extract of Gracilariopsis longissima had antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli with minimum inhibition concentration of 80% in methanol and 100% in chloroform. Methanol layer of Gracilariopsis longissima lipid contained palmitic acid with a level of 1.08%, oleic acid 0.01%, and stearic acid with a level of 0.07%, while only palmitic acid with a level of 1.14% was obtained in its chloroform layer of Gracilariopsislongissima lipid, by using GC-MS analysis.

Keywords: antibacterial, Gracilariopsis longissima, Salm

 

CHARACTERISTICS AND STABILITY OF KERSEN FRUIT (MUNTINGIA CALABURA L.) EXTRACT SERUM PROVISIONS WITH CONCENTRATION VARIATIONS

*Liandhajani1, Neng Fitria1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: lian_dhajani@yahoo.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: Cherry fruit contains vitamin C, flavonoids, tannins, triterpenoids, saponins, polyphenols, niacin, and beta-carotene. The content of flavonoids and vitamin C, which have the potential to act as antioxidants for skin health, can be applied in antioxidant preparations such as facial serums. This study aims to determine the effect of differences in the concentration of cherry fruit extract on physical properties and stability, to determine whether the serum of cherry fruit extract meets the requirements of physical quality and serum stability tests, and to determine the most preferred extract concentration. Cherry fruit is made into an extract, then the extract of cherry fruit obtained is formulated in the form of facial serum and then tested the characteristics and stability of the preparation including physical quality tests, namely organoleptic tests, homogeneity, pH, viscosity, dispersibility. Then the irritation test and hedonic test were performed. The results showed that the cherry fruit extract serum had an influence on the physical properties and stability of the serum. The higher the concentration of the extract in the serum, the higher the viscosity value, the dispersion power, and the lower the pH, the good organoleptic results and homogeneity, and the resulting serum do not irritate the skin. The characteristics and stability of the cherry fruit extract serum have met the physical quality test requirements. In the hedonic test, the preferred serum of cherry fruit extract was 10% concentration.

Keywords: Cherry fruit extract, facial serum, characteristics, stability

 

EFFECTIVENESS TEST OF POMEGRANATE (Punica granatum L.) LEAVES EXTRACT IN GEL FORMULATION HEALING AGAINST IIA DEGREE BURNS ON THE BACKS OF WHITE MICE (Mus musculus L.) Male

*Guntoro Halim1, Mustiana1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: guntorohalim@gmail.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: Indonesia has many medicinal plants that are widely used by the public for treatment. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is a versatile plant, from its skin, fruit, seeds, and leaves can be used as a medicine. Pomegranate leaves are empirically used as a wound treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of pomegranate leaf 70 % ethanol extract in gel formulation on the healing process of second-degree burns on the backs of male white mice (Mus musculus L.). The test animals used were 25 animals which were divided into 5 groups: the negative control group was given a gel base, the positive control was given Bioplacenton™, and the test group was given Punica granatum L. leaves extract gel with 3 concentrations (5%, 10%, 15%). Making burns wound on the mice's back using an electric soldering iron modified with metal with a diameter of 2 cm. The wound was smeared with a gel that was tested twice a day and the wound was observed every day for 14 days. Burn data were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA statistical test. The results of the evaluation of the homogeneity, spreadability, adhesion, and viscosity of the pomegranate leaf extract gel met the requirements and were stable in temperature and storage time. The conclusion of this study is Punica granatum L. leaves extract 15% gel more effective in healing burns on the back of mice compared to positive controls, Punica granatum L. leaves extract 5% gel and Punica granatum L. leaves extract 10% gel.

Keywords: Burns, Gel, Pomegranate Leaf

 

  FORMULATION AND STABILITY TEST OF 70% ETHANOL EXTRACT LIQUID SOAP (PUNICAGRANATUM L.) WITH STEARIC ACID CONCENTRATION DIFFERENCES

* Unsyura Dhipa Budaya1, Vivi Angelina1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: dhipabudaya10@gmail.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: Skin is one of the most important parts of the human body that serves to protect the inside of the body from physical problems such as mechanical, heat, cold, germ, and bacterial disorders. One way to protect the skin from infection is using soap. One type of soap that is widely purchased today is a liquid soap, because of its practical use, easy to carry, not easily damaged or dirty. The purpose of this study was to make liquid soap preparations from pomegranate peel (Punicagranatum L.). Evaluation of pH, liquid, homogeneity, viscosity, foam compatibility test, irritation test for 4 weeks with different storage temperatures, namely 0oC, 27oC, and 45oC. The results of the research were from the difference in stearic acid concentration of 3%, 6%, and 9%, the most optimal preparation was stearic acid at a concentration of 6% because it has the optimal viscosity, pH and foam content, and is most suitable for the hedonic test.

Keywords: Formulation, Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L., Liquid soap.

 

USEАGE LEVEL АNАLYSIS OF PROBIOTIC SUPPLEMENTS FOR INCREАSE IMMUNITY SYSTEM TO WEST JАKАRTА RESIDENTS IN FАCING COVID-19
PАNDEMIC IN 2020

* Sаtyа Cаndrа I.Y1, Joshuа Christiаnto Topаh1

1Fаculty of Pharmacy, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author: E-mail: sаtyаcаndrа18@gmаil.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

АBЅTRАCT: One of the efforts to prevent exposure Covid-19 is to increаse immunity. Аlmost 80% of the body's immune system resides in the intestines. Probiotic supplements cаn аffect the body's immune system аnd it is known thаt probiotics to work in the digestive trаct. This reseаrch аims to determine the relаtionship between the level of probiotic supplement use аmong West Jаkаrtа residents аnd the body's chаrаcteristics аnd response to immunity. This reseаrch is а quаntitаtive study using а cross sectionаl аnаlyticаl descriptive method. The populаtion in this study were residents who live in West Jаkаrtа аnd tаken а sаmple of 371 people using а sаmpling technique, nаmely аccidentаl sаmpling. The results of this reseаrch indicаte thаt there is а relаtionship between the economic level of respondent аnd the level of probiotic use аnd there is а relаtionship between the level of probiotic use аnd the body's response to immunity.

Keywords: Preventive of Covid-19, Immunity System, Probiotic

 

ECONOMICS AND BUSSINESS

 

 

 

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SALESPEOPLE CONSISTENCY TO ENHANCE THE SALE PERFORMANCE: A MODERATING ROLE OF SELF-Efficacy.

1Rao Tahir Anees , 2Temoor Anjum

Post Graduate Center

1Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Malaysia.

1aneesrao82@gmail.com , 2tamooranjum@yahoo.com

 

  1. : The purpose of this analysis is to examine the impact of emotional intelligence and market orientation as an antecedent of sales performance. Furthermore, it investigates the moderating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between EI, MO, and SP. In Lahore, Pakistan, 285 questionnaires were sent to ten designated pharmaceutical companies' top, middle, and lowlevel managers. The choice of these firms is dependent on simple random sampling methods and minimal sample size estimation techniques. Structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to analyse the model and hypothesis. Smart PLS tools and the partial least squares approach is used for data processing. The study findings suggest that the two dimensions, emotional intelligence, and market orientation, positively impact sales performance. The results also support the moderation effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between EI, MO, and SP. So concerning return on revenue and future industry insight, evident market patterns, and business predictions, the EI and Mo are the vital sources of sales results. The sales force's position should also adjust according to these developments and realities, considering the large differences in the trade and market climate-related to competition and the severity of the rivalry between businesses and consumer usage habits. This research adds to the literature by identifying the unexplored Moderation impact of self-efficacy on EI, MO, and SP. This research expands the literature on self-efficacy effects, currently limited to attitudes and performance.

Key Words: Self-Efficacy, Emotional Intelligence, Market Orientation, Sales Performance

 

 

THEEFFECT OF THE APPLICATION OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES ON THE QUALITY OF FINANCIAL REPORTS WITH INTERNAL AUDIT AS MODERATOR

Muhammad Aditya Nugraha.1

Robiur Rahmat Putra.,SE.,M.Si.,Ak2

1Mahasiswa Akuntansi Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

2Lecturer of FEB Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

Aditya.ma77@gmail.com robiur.rahmat@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the implementation of the Accounting Information System and Standard Operating Procedures which are moderated by Internal Audit on the quality of the Financial Statements. This study uses a questionnaire measurement with a Likert scale of 1 to 5. The population of this study is all MSMEs in North Jakarta. The sample of this research is 100 MSMEs in North Jakarta. The sample selection used the purposive sampling technique. The hypothesis of this study is to suspect that: (1) Implementation of Accounting Information Systems has an effect on the quality of financial reports. (2) Implementation of Standard Operating Procedures affects the quality of financial reports. (3) The Role of Internal Audit Affects the Quality of Financial Statements. (4) Internal Audit moderates the effect of the implementation of the Accounting Information System on the Quality of Financial Statements.

(5) Internal Audit moderates the effect of implementing Standard Operating Procedures on the Quality of Financial Statements.

 

Keywords: Accounting Information Systems, Standard Operating Procedures, Quality of Financial Statements,

Internal Audit.

 

 

 

THE EFFECT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PSAK 71 AND TAX INCENTIVES ON TAX AGGRESSIVITY WITH CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) AS MODERATION VARIABLES

Dimas Panji Setiawan

Student of Faculty Eonomic and Business

Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT: Taxes have a very important role in the implementation and national development in Indonesia. Paying taxes to the company will have an impact on the amount of the company's net income, which causes the company to conduct tax aggressiveness, both legally and illegally. The tax aggressiveness in the real estate & property subsector industry is still quite high and supervision by the government is still low. This study aims to analyze the effect of the application of PSAK 71 and tax incentives on tax aggressiveness and to examine the moderating effect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on the effect of implementing PSAK 71 and tax incentives on tax aggressiveness. This research was conducted on 63 real estate and property companies listed on the BEI during the period 2015 - 2019. The sampling method was carried out by purposive sampling. Methods of data analysis using quantitative methods with associative methods, testing using the STATA test tool.

 

Keywords: PSAK 71, Tax Incentives, Tax Aggressiveness, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

 

 

THE INFLUENCE OF THE INDEPENDENT BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS AND THE

AUDIT COMMITTEE ON TAX AVOIDANCE DECISIONS WITH TAX INCENTIVES AS MODERATING VARIABLES

Robiur Rahmat Putra., SE., M.Si., Ak.1 , Afriyanto2

1Lecturer of FEB Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

2Student of Acounting Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta robiur.rahmat@uta45jakarta.ac.id Afriyanto3597@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: This research aim is to determine the effect of the independent board of commissioners, the audit committee on tax avoidance with tax incentives as a moderating variable. Independent commissioners measured by the percentage of the number of independent commissioners to the total of the board of commissioners in the composition of the board of commissioners of the sample companies, the audit committee is measured through the number of audits measured by the ratio scale. While tax avoidance as the dependent variable is measured using the effective ETR tax rate, as well as tax incentives that are measured through dummy variables in the research of researchers using a sample of the mining sector industry listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2018.

The results of the study on this occasion stated that the Independent Board of Commissioners moderated by Tax Incentives had an insignificant positive effect on Tax Avoidance and the Audit Committee moderated by Tax Incentives did not negatively affect Tax Avoidance.

 

Keywords: Independent Commissioner, audit committee, Tax Incentives, Tax Avoidance

 

 

 

EFFECT OF AGENCY COSTS: OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE ON DIVIDEND POLICY WITH INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES AS A MODERATING VARIABLES

Sapna Puja , Khalisah Visiana,. SE,. Ak,. M. Acc

Accounting Science Study Program 17 August 1945 University Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT: This study aims to discuss the effect of cost: ownership structure and capital structure on dividend policy with investment opportunities as a moderating variable. This study uses secondary data using regulatory data and literature studies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange website (www.idx.co.id) which contains annual financial reports. The population used in this study is manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the period 2014-2018 with a sampling technique using a purposive sampling method. The results of this study state that ownership structure does not significantly influence dividend policy, while capital structure influences dividend policy. And investment opportunities do not significantly influence dividend policy. Empirical investment opportunities are not able to strengthen the effect of ownership structure on dividend policy, but investment opportunities are empirically able to strengthen the effect of capital structure on dividend polic.

 

Keywords: Ownership Structure, Capital Structure, Dividend Policy, Investment Opportunities

 

 

 

 

EFFECT OF FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE BEFORE AND AFTER MERGER OR ACQUISITION OF THE BANKING INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA

Diansyah

Management Study Program

Faculty of Economics and Business, University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta

Email: diansyah.170845@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: Mergers and acquisitions are bank strategic decisions in order to increase the economic value obtained by taking over or controlling shares of the acquiring bank with the aim of increasing the bank's core capital. Mergers and acquisitions occur in the banking industry in various countries, including Indonesia. This study aims to test empirically the differences in financial performance before and after a merger or acquisition in the banking industry in Indonesia. Financial performance is measured using five financial ratios, namely ROA, OEOI, CAR, LDR, and NPL. The result of the research shows that from five financial ratios is only 1 financial ratio that experiences changes in financial performance after a merger or acquisition compared to before the merger or acquisition, namely the BOPO ratio. Meanwhile, the other four financial ratios, namely ROA, CAR, LDR, and NPL, have no difference in financial performance before and after a merger or acquisition.

Keywords: ROA, OEOI, CAR, LDR, and NPL

 

 

 

INFLUENCE OF LEVERАGE AND CАSH HOLDING ON GROWTH WITH TАX PLANS AS VARIABLE MODERATING

Ulfаhtun1), Аjeng Wijаyаnti2)

1Mаhаsiswа Аkuntаnsi, Univеrsitаs 17 Аgustus 1945 Jаkаrtа Email: ulfаhtun25@gmаil.com

2Dosеn Fakultas Еkonomi dan Bisnis, Univеrsitаs 17 Аgustus 1945 Jаkаrtа

Email: аjeng.wijаyаnti@utа45jаkаrtа.аc.id

 

АBSTRАCT: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of leverage and cash holding on profit growth with tax planning as a moderating variable. This study uses secondary data using documentation data collection and in the form of annual financial reports on Property & Real Estate sector companies that go public on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The sampling technique used the purposive sampling method. The results of this study, leverage has no significant effect on profit growth, cash holding has a significant effect on profit growth, tax planning has a significant effect on profit growth. Tax planning is unable to moderate the relationship between leverage and profit growth. Tax planning was unable to moderate the relationship between cash holding and profit growth.

 

Keywords: Leverage, Cash Holding, Profit Growth, Tax Planning.

 

 

THE IMPACT OF MORAL COMPETENCY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON THE COMMITMENT OF GREEN ACCOUNTING IMPLEMENTATION WITH UNDERSTANDING OF ACCOUNTANT PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AS A MODERATING VARIABLES

Afriyanto1 Sihar Tambun2

1 Student of Accounting Program, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

2 Lecturer of Accounting Program, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

afriyanto3597@gmail.com, sihar.tambun@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: This study aims to determine the effect of moral competence and emotional intelligence on the commitment to apply green accounting with an understanding of the ethics of the accounting profession as a moderating variable. The variables of moral competence and emotional intelligence in this study are independent variables, professional ethics of accountants as moderating variables, and green accounting as the dependent variable. This study used a sample of 155 (one hundred fifty-five) respondents consisting of 123 students and 23 accountant practitioners. The sampling method used in this study was accidental sampling using SmartPLS.

The results of this study indicate that emotional intelligence has no effect on green accounting while moral competence in this study influences green accounting with a significant level. The ethical variable of the accounting profession as a moderating factor in this study also influences the level of green accounting significantly.

 

Keywords: Moral Competence, Emotional Intelligence, Green Accounting, Professional Ethics of Accou

 

 

 

 

FROM ‘CONNECTIVITY’ TO ‘DIGITAL’: IMPROVING EMPLOYEE READINESS TOWARD ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE IN DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

Erny Hutabarat

Faculty of Business, President University, Cikarang, Indonesia

Luh Devany

President University Management Student

ABSTRACT: The rapid advancement of technology continues to develop which resulted in the increase of competitiveness in the business world. In order to survive, the company must fully aware and try to adapt to the condition. As the largest telecommunication provider in Indonesia, PT. Telkom Indonesia has supported the Indonesian digital industry to be more sustainable by transforming into a digital telecommunication company as part of the change implementation. During the process, lack of skills and talents to adapt to change felt by the company also the presence of the COVID-19 hamper some activities which require a physical presence in the process. Therefore it is necessary to investigate the readiness of the people as it is still at the beginning of the change process. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of the five readiness factors to measure the readiness of employees toward the change in digital transformation. A qualitative approach in the form of a semi-structured interview was used at one of the company units. The findings provide similarities and differences about how participants perceive the change that includes participants' insight toward the change also the importance of planning before the change executed to fit in all conditions especially during this COVID-19 pandemic. This study highlights that valence has been expanded to include the perception of individuals on customers and self-efficacy should be improved, number of scenarios to become a digital company must be adapted to such working conditions while maintaining the other factors to increase the readiness of employees.

 

Keywords: Organization change, Five-factor employee readiness, PT. Telkom Indonesia, COVID

 

 

THE EFFECT OF E-SERVICE QUALITY ON E-SATISFACTION ON ONLINE MEDIA PLATFORM

(Survey has done on news portal users in Indonesia)

Rizqy Aziz Basuki

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

Email: rizqy.aziz@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: This study aims to determine how the influence of the quality of online services provided by news reports as reflected in the digital newspaper media portal on user satisfaction. This research is included in the research category explaining the relationship between variables or what is called causal research with a quantitative approach. Primary data used in this study were obtained by distributing questionnaires online to users of online media portals, Kabari News in Indonesia. The sampling method used purposive sampling as many as 115 respondents. The SEM analysis method with the help of PLS ​​was used for data analysis in this study. This study confirms previous research, that online service quality has a positive and significant impact on digital service user satisfaction.

 

Keywords: E-Service Quality, E- Satisfaction, surat kabar digital, media online

 

 

THE EFFECT OF TAX BUOYANCY AND TAX ELASTICITY TO TAX RATIO WITH ECONOMIC GROWTH AS MODERATING VARIABLE IN ASEAN COUNTRIES

Rio Johan Putra

Faculty Economics and Business, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

 

ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the impact of tax buoyancy and tax elasticity on tax ratio with economic growth as a moderating variable. The population in this research is the GDP report and revenue tax for the countries of the continent of ASEAN. The population in this research use 10 countries in ASEAN which were cited criteria during 2016-2019. Testing this hypothesis uses the stata as a test tool. Methods of data analysis with descriptive statistical tests, correlation tests, multicollinearity tests. Heteroscedasticity test, autocorrelation test, and normality test. The result of this research prove that tax buoyancy has a significant effect on tax ratio, tax elasticity has a significant effect on tax ratio, economic growth has no effect on tax ratio, economic growth can moderate the influence of tax buoyancy on tax ratio and economic growth can moderate the effect of tax elasticity of tax ratio. From this research, it can be concluded that the countries tax ratio does not reflect economic growth, but is based more on other factors such as strong taxation dan the effectiveness of tax regulation.

 

Keywords: Tax Buoyancy, Tax Elasticity, Tax Ratio, Economic Growth

 

 

 

 

EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MARKETING ON COMPLIANCE WITH HEALTH PROTOCOLS AMONG MILLENNIALS IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA

Virgo Simamora1, Siti Sarah Aulia Rachma1

1Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

ABSTRACT: This study is explanatory research aimed to examine social marketing's effect on compliance with health protocols among millennials in Jakarta, Indonesia. In this research, four indicators measure social marketing, and two indicators measure compliance with health protocols introduced in Indonesia since June 2020. This study is a survey method that used a questionnaire as a data collection tool. Data collected from 439 millennials who the resident of DKI Jakarta Province in Indonesia and familiar with the health protocols promoted to prevent and control the Covid-19 transmission. In this study, the Partial Least Square Modeling (PLS-SEM) was employed by the SmartPLS 3.0 software to test the hypothesis. The results found a positive impact of social marketing on compliance with health protocols among millennials in Jakarta, Indonesia. These findings provide some empirical implications of social marketing and compliance with health protocols. The Indonesian government needs to understand the importance of social marketing activities in increasing individual compliance with health protocols among millennials to prevent and control Covid-19 transmission.

 

Keywords: Social marketing, compliance, millennials

 

 

 

 

SOCIAL & POLITICAL SCIENCE

 

 

IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON WORKFORCE IN INDONESIA

Hendra Wijayanto1*, Ulfah Fatmala Rizky1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: hendra.wijayanto@uta45jakarta.ac.id

These authors contributed equally to this work.

 

ABSTRAC: In 2020, humanity throughout the world is shaken by the Corona Virus (Covid-19) epidemic which has greatly influenced people's lives and caused much panic. Hundreds or even thousands of people have been infected and many have died due to this virus. In this case the government does not remain silent, starting from giving a lot of appeals and assistance to the community in overcoming this Corona-19 outbreak to run effectively and efficiently. The Indonesian government applies a system at home, that is, the Indonesian people are required to be silent and work at their respective homes. And with this regulation, workers and factory workers are forced to stay at home, their salaries are reduced, and some companies make layoffs even though they are still productive to work. So the impact of Covid19 does not only have an impact on health, the economy but also on the Workforce. The research method used by researchers in the study of literature and questionnaire survey research methods.

 

Keywords: Covid-19, Government, Manpower.

 

 

NEW MEDIA CONTROL IN PUBLIC POLICY

Dina Fadiyah1*

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

Email: dina.fadiyah@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: his research paper would like to analyze the role of new media and public policy. Nowadays, the usage of new media has grown fast. It can be seen through its usage in all segments of societies, from lower class to upper class of society. In the past, new media was used as campaign or social movement tools, but today it can be used in a more positive way for government policy. This aimed to encourage people to be more participative, thus the society could give advice for their government in any matter, anytime and anywhere. By using the theory of new media and participation combined with the qualitative and descriptive method, therefore this research will bring uniqueness for the readers. In its roles and functions, new media can be utilized as the government's network in strengthening social participation. Thus, the chances for participation are not only in the form of musrembang but also through the new media. With the existence of social participation, public policy can be constituted on the basis of societies' interests and in the end will create social welfare. Furthermore, new media has a strong influence in aggregating public participation in constituting public policies.

 

Keywords: New Media, Public Policy, Participation

 

 

17 AUGUST JAKARTA UNIVERSITY ONLINE LEARNING COMMUNICATION STRATEGY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Fauziah1*, Randy Marcellino Mantiri2

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia 2Communication Science, Universitas Mercu Buana Jakarta, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author

Email: fauziah.yanis72@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: Since the outbreak of the pandemic caused by the Coronavirus in Indonesia, many ways have been taken by the government to prevent its spread. One of them is through a circular letter from the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemendikbud) of the Directorate of Higher Education No. 1 of 2020 concerning the prevention of the spread of Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) in universities. Through this circular, the Ministry of Education and Culture gave instructions to universities to organize distance learning and advised students to study from their homes. Online learning is learning that uses an internet network with accessibility, connectivity, flexibility, and the ability to generate various types of learning interactions. At the implementation level, online learning requires the support of mobile devices such as smartphones or android phones, laptops, computers, tablets, and iPhones which can be used to access information anytime and anywhere. University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta (UTA 45 Jakarta) is one of the campuses in Jakarta that carries out a distance teaching and learning process during the Covid-19 pandemic using an Academic Information System (SIAKAD) which is integrated with Edlink. The communication strategy in online learning carried out by lecturers to UTA 45 Jakarta students has been running well and conducive, where students can learn through a student-centered learning process (independent learning process).

 

Keywords: Communication Strategy, Online Learning

 

 

MANAGING ELECTIONS UNDER COVID-19: THE CASE OF THE 2020 REGIONAL ELECTIONS OF INDONESIA

Benediktus Dalupe1*

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: benediktus.dalupe@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

  1. The conduct of 2020 regional elections under COVID-19 health emergency will be a serious challenge. As it is known, elections of Indonesia that is still fraught with irregularities. By increasing COVID-19 cases, the integrity of the elections is at stake. On the one hand, a lot of health-protocol violations during campaign session is increasing the transmission of the virus. On the other hand, the declining quality of the elections threatens the future of regional leadership. This study examines the rules of the general election commission for the elections during the COVID-19 pandemic and evaluates its prospects and challenges for the future of the elections in Indonesia. Relying on secondary sources, this study finds that although the rules of the General Election Commission were aimed at adapting to the new normal, its prospect remains uncertain in simultaneous regional elections in Indonesia. This study concludes that electronic electoral systems (e-voting) and postal voting should be considered, to ensure voting rights even in emergencies.

 

Keywords: elections, COVID-19, elections commissions, democracy

 

 

INNOVATIVE LEADERSHIP IN THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ERA: CASE STUDY OF THE LEADERSHIP OF THE MAYOR OF SEMARANG, HENDRA PRIHADI

Samsul Ode1*

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: samsul.ode@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: This study discusses innovation and city governance during the leadership era of the Mayor of Semarang, Hendrar Prihadi. This study discusses two important things, namely innovation and governance and Hendrar Prihadi's leadership style in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study is to see and examine the innovations made by Hendra Prihadi during his tenure as Mayor of Semarang in the Covid-19 pandemic era. Based on the research results, it shows that the city of Semarang, owned by the mayor Hendrar Prihadi, has made progress and innovation in both physical and non-physical development. There are at least 3 aspects in assessing the leadership performance of the mayor of Semarang, Hendrar Prihadi. First, in development planning, in the crisis due to the Covid 19 pandemic, Semarang City actually won an award as one of the best cities in terms of joint development planning with the city of Yogyakarta and also the city of Padang. This result is an assessment carried out in the 2020 National Development Planning Conference (Musrenbangnas). The city of Semarang was named the best considering several points, including due to digital planning such as e-budgeting, e-procurement, and e-planning, the level of public information disclosure. , bottom-up approaches and social interactions. Of the many achievements, one of the latest achievements of the city of Semarang is to become the best regional innovation in welcoming the new normal order due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Keywords: Innovative Leadership, Covid-19, Semarang, Hendrar Prihadi

 

 

NORMALIZING HUMAN (IN)SECURITY DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Made Fitri Maya Padmi1*

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

Email: made.padmi@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: Since the first outbreak of Novel Corona Virus (Covid-19) in December 2019, there was no sign of this pandemic getting close to its end. The world was forced to hold almost everything: people mobility, social interactions, education, and economic activities. All states were in shock facing this – not so new – threat. Viruses, bacteria, and other microbiomes were one of the causes of mass death throughout history. Millions of people were killed by the infectious disease more than the victims of natural disasters or wars. Thus the concept of human security, which was putting human life as the core object of security, was relevant to explain the pandemic. The human security concept saw the threat to humans' life came from various factors such as natural disaster, starvation, authoritarian regime, disease, etc. The covid-19 pandemic which has been causing millions of death and ruining the economy could be perceived as one insecurity source for human security. Government with its political language like 'stay at home, 'abide the health protocols', 'wash hands', 'wear the mask', tried to impose habit of resilient to the people, and encouraged them to cope with insecurity as the condition of possibility for humans' life. This paper aimed to analyze how Covid-19 was not only a health problem but also part of human security issues. This paper also would like to analyze the government response toward this pandemic was somehow familiarizing and normalizing the Covid-19 threat as an integral part of daily life.

 

Keywords: human security, insecurity, resilient, health protocols.

.

 

TO JERUSALEM IN 2016 - 2019

Agung Y. Bugroho1*, Ayu Ratnasari1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: agung.nugroho@uta45jakarta.ac.id

ABSTRACT: This research analyzes the Foreign Policy of the United States of America in moving the Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in 2017. The purpose of this research is to find out the reasons why the decision was realized. The theoretical framework used in this research is Foreign Policy and the Concept of Policy Making, namely the Iron Triangle Concept, which discusses three institutions that have an important role in the process of making US foreign policy, namely the Bureaucracy, Congress and Interest Groups. In the discussion, it was also explained the impact of this decision on parties that were felt to be closely related to the conflict, namely Israel as the beneficiary country, Palestine as the injured party and the third was the UN member states. And the results of the analysis carried out by researchers, the reason the President made this decision was none other than because there was support from the congress, the bureaucracy, and the interest group, namely AIPAC.

 

Keywords: United States, Israel, Palestine, Foreign Policy, Iron Triangle

 

APPLICATION OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS IN INDONESIA (STUDY ON: EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS IN THE ERA OF PRESIDENT JOKO WIDODO, 2014 – 2019)

Restu Rahmawati1*, Antonius Jeremias Beso1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: agung.nugroho@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the application of the presidential system in a modern democracy in executive and legislative relations during the era of President Joko Widodo 2014-2019. Researchers used qualitative research methods with a case study approach. Researchers collected primary data in the form of in-depth interviews and observations. As for secondary data, researchers obtained it from photos and literature studies. This research produces a study that the implementation of executive and legislative relations in the 2014-2019 Jokowi leadership era can be seen from the strengthening of the executive which is marked by the dominance of parties supporting the government. With the strong support of political parties, the easier it will be for the government, in this case, the executive to control the parliament. Then the impact of executive and legislative relations in the era of Joko Widodo's leadership in the 2014-2019 period for the presidential system in the modern democratic era, we can conclude that the impact of the strengthening of the presidential system is when the executive gets support from the majority parties in parliament and opposition forces that imbalance, it will form oligarchic patterns, which only benefit a part of the political elite in Indonesia. The impact is the weakening of racial democracy in Indonesia.

 

Keywords: presidential system, democracy, oligarchy, political parties

 

 

FULFILLING BASIC NEEDS OF PUBLIC SERVICE FOR THE COMMUNITY OF SAMUDRA JAYA VILLAGE, BEKASI REGENCY

Ummi Zakiyah1*, Cindy1, Putra Anggito Abimayu1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: ummi.zakiyah@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: The change from a centralized system to a decentralized system has had an impact on system changes in local governments. The principle of decentralization is the handover of policies from the central government to local governments in order to manage their own households, but not for everything, security, policy, are some things that are still centralized. but still in the regional delegation. Regional apparatuses are appointed to be able to run, regulate and carry out the running of regional government. Decentralization is not only at the regional government level but occurs down to the lowest level of government, namely the village government. The delegation of authority to regulate and manage household affairs makes the village government have to make maximum efforts in providing all the needs and public facilities for the community in order to achieve a prosperous village. This study aims to analyze the performance of the village government in providing basic services (education, education, administration). The method used in this research is qualitative and uses interview techniques in data collection. The results of the research explain that the activities or programs that are given and run by the government have not been fully realized properly. The government's attention to the things that hinder the running of the program is very much needed for the sake of improving community welfare and improving the condition of Samudra Jaya village. The village government feels the need to listen to the aspirations of the community about criticism of the services provided, for the realization of the goal of providing public services that make the community prosperous.

 

Keywords: Basic services, Government, Community

 

 

GREENPEACE’S STRATEGY IN EFFORT TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION IN JAKARTA 2018 – 2019

Khoirunnisa1*, Sapta Ariya1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: ummi.zakiyah@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: Air pollution is still a problem that has not been resolved until now, one of the areas that have a high enough level of pollution in Jakarta. In fact, air pollution itself is mostly generated by the daily activities of people living in Jakarta, such as pollution caused by vehicles, industry, power plants, and household activities. The government has also made many efforts to reduce the high levels of air pollution in Jakarta, but people should also take a role in helping the government to be able to realize a city of Jakarta that is free from air pollution. There are also parties who are fighting for the reduction of air pollution in Jakarta, one of which is Greenpeace as a non-governmental organization engaged in the environmental sector. This research discusses Greenpeace, which has implemented several strategies to help reduce air pollution in Jakarta, including Greenpeace conducting several campaigns regarding the importance of having access to air that is free from pollution in order to support a healthier life.

 

Keywords: Air pollution, Jakarta, Greenpeace, Strategy.

 

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES REGARDING SHIPPING NAVIGATION ASSISTANCE FACILITIES (SBNP) IN SUPPORTING SHIPPING SAFETY IN CLASS I NAVIGATION DISTRICT TANJUNG PRIOK, NORTH JAKARTA

Hendrawan1*, Firman1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: hendrabreeze94@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: This study's purpose is to determine the implementation of government policies regarding Aid To Navigation (ATON) for supporting shipping safety in the District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok. The increasing volume of ship traffic in Indonesian waters must be balanced by the improvement of infrastructure or supporting infrastructure. Along with the Indonesian state's hope of becoming the world's maritime axis, the government must be able to guarantee the safety of shipping. The government must provide a sense of security in the traffic of ships while entering ports in Indonesia. One of the supporting facilities on shipping safety is the availability of Aid To Navigation (ATON) in each shipping channel. Aid To Navigation (ATON) becomes guideline for seaman in navigating. The implementation of Aid To Navigation in accordance with government policy through the Regulation of the Minister of Transportation Number KM. 25, 2011 about Aid To Navigation (ATON). Aid To Navigation (ATON) must work optimally and reliably in order to keep ships from navigational hazards. District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok is one of the Technical Implementation Units under the Ministry of Transportation Of Indonesia that has the main duties and functions in the implementation of Aid To Navigation in the waters of Jakarta, Sunda Strait, Bangka, and Gaspar Strait. In the operational implementation of Aid To Navigation, The District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok Office has obstacles such as beacon lights out and Aid To Navigation equipment is lost or damaged that causes the Aid To Navigation does not works. The research method used qualitative with a descriptive approach. The respondents of this research were civil servants in the District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok. The technique of collecting data by means of interviews, observation, and documentation. The data analysis technique begins with data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. Based on the results of research and discussion, the District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok already implementing regulations related to Aid To Navigation, but there are several obstacles both internal and external. Internal constraints, namely limited human resources in charge of operating, maintaining, and supervising Aid To Navigation (ATON). Infrastructure facilities such as old vessel buoy tender for maintenance and supervision of Aid To Navigation. To optimize the implementation of Aid To Navigation in the working area of the District Of Navigation Of Tanjung Priok, it is necessary to be supported by infrastructure, human resources in terms of numbers and competence. External constraints are the lack of awareness of certain individuals on the importance of Aid To Navigation for supporting shipping safety.

 

Keywords: Implementation of government policies, Aid To Navigation (ATON), Shipping Safety, District of Navigation.

 

 

 

ISLAMOPHOBIA TENSION ON MACRON'S STATEMENT AND THE IMPLICATION OF "BOYCOTT FRENCH PRODUCT": COMPARATIVE CONTENT ANALYSIS AL-JAZEERA ENGLISH VS AL-JAZEERA ARABIC

Vidya Kusumawardani1*, Harriyanto2

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

2 Institute of Social and Political Science (IISIP), Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: vidya.kusumawardani@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: Islamophobia in France and Britain has intensified in recent years, particularly in the wake of terrorist incidents, such as the 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris and the London Bridge attack. After a WTC tragedy in New York, in 2001, which was highlighted by the media, the Islamic community became a central issue. The Islamic community was assumed as the cause of the problems of the world (particularly terrorism) and became the target of its accusations (stereotype). Continuing previous research by Mohammed A. Satti, this study is to seek differences of Al-Jazeera Arabic (AJA) and Al-Jazeera English (AJE) news stories towards to Macron’s statement and the implication of boycott french product which stated in Al- Jazeera.com from both English and Arabic version (AJE &AJA) from September 2020- recently, and how its mission and vision can be used as a guideline in producing news into public in case of Macron's statement. A Content Analysis method utilized for this research. For this research, we conducted only one media which is Al-jazeera.com in both English and Arab versions. Population and sample in this research is an online news article which derived from Al-Jazeera English (AJE) and Al-Jazeera Arabic (AJA) towards Macron's statement and the implication towards Muslims in Europe, the Middle East, and Asia region which stated in both media during September 2020-recently. The unit analysis of this study was online news articles (news stories). They then grouped the articles into three major themes which is a basic characteristic of online news articles as a whole, Islamophobia in French and Boycott French Product towards to Macron statement.

 

Keywords: Islamophobia, Al-Jazeera Arabic, Al -Jazeera English, Boycott French Product, Agenda Setting Theory

 

 

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF E-MUSRENBANG: STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS AND PARTICIPATION OF CITIZENS' ASPIRATIONS IN KELURAHAN SUNTER JAYA, NORTH JAKARTA FOR THE PERIOD OF 2018 - 2020)

Laras Shania1*, Firman1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: larasshania65@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The Development Planning Deliberation (Musrenbang) is a deliberation forum in finding priority programs and strategies for achieving development programs. With the development of technology and information, the deliberation process using E-Musrenbang, namely the electronic-based musrenbang, can absorb people's aspirations effectively and efficiently. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the implementation of E-Musrenbang in Sunter Jaya Village, North Jakarta. The type of research used is descriptive research with a qualitative approach. This study took seventeen people as sources. The data collection technique used in this study interviewed. The results showed that the effectiveness of E-Musrenbang in Sunter Jaya Village, North Jakarta can be said to have been effective in terms of clarity of objectives, E-Musrenbang planning which is understood by the implementor in the preparation of priority proposals. Then most of the facilities and infrastructure such as computers that have internet access are available in Sunter Jaya Village to force proposals into the E- Musrenbang system so as to facilitate proposals that are planned and compiled from the results of the community deliberations. Furthermore, E-Musrenbang is transparent because it can be seen through the musrenbang website www.musrenbang.Jakarta.go.id. In addition, community participation in attending musrenbang is good enough, but not all can attend due to several factors in routine activities. The accountability in Kelurahan Sunter Jaya is only limited to collecting proposals that will be discussed in the District, City, and Province which will be realized to the relevant OPD. Thus, the effectiveness of the implementation of E-Musrenbang is better than the previous year so that in the future the proposals that are planned are made based on the needs of the community and the proposals that have been compiled and approved can be realized.

 

Keywords: effectiveness, participation, electronic musrenbang

 

 

APPLICATION OF JOURNALISTIC ETHICS IN HOAX FILTERING MANAGEMENT IN TELEVISION MEDIA

Dewi Maria Herawati1*, Debore Reni1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: dewi.maria@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: Currently the Indonesian people can easily get the news or information they need. However, among the news content circulating in the community that colored the information media, hoax information emerged. The phenomenon of hoax news is currently spreading in various media in Indonesia. The very fast spread of hoaxes had a significant impact. Therefore, this research aims to determine how the management process of filtering hoax information by news reporters. The research method used is qualitative research methods that use descriptive discussions, namely examining a situation in a real-life context. The results of this research conclude that media management has been implemented properly, starting from the planning process, organizing, directing and influencing as well as controlling. As well as in the process of filtering hoaxes that reporters claim in its implementation based on the Journalistic Code of Ethics, to produce actual and balanced news. Reporters dig from various information (cover both sides) and present credible sources. The reporter minimizes hoax information by crosschecking and ensuring directly to the source and coming directly to the location.

 

Keywords: Filterization, Hoax, Reporter

 

 

THE EFFECTS OF COVID-19 TO MIDDLE BUSINESS (UMKM) AT JAKARTA TIMUR

Sri Henny Indarti1*

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: srihennyIndarti@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The current pandemic COVID19 which strikes Indonesia hard at the moment contributes to the market especially UMKM. The Indonesian government has put many efforts to help the conditions so it does not get worse by providing subsidies such as tax subsidy, subsidy for UMKM through Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR), and many other regulations so businesses could survive in this situation. Business actors in Indonesia need to find ideas and invent more creativity to stay and be able to adapt to this challenging condition. For example, e-commerce can be one solution to the situation that can provide help to UMKM and local middle business actors to market their products. They must show their ability to observe the market condition by looking at what products are in high demand in the current situation, such as herbal and natural products, fruits, and vegetables that boost up immunities. Other products that are currently high in demand are food that is easy and fast to prepare and can be kept longer for future use, canned foods, spices, masks, and hand sanitizers.

 

Keywords: Covid-19, UMKM, Government.

 

 

THE ROLE OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION IN ADDRESSING THE ISSUE OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN SIERRA LEONE

Ardli Johan Kusuma1*, Isabella Putri Maharani1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: ardli.johan@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: This study describes the role of WHO in explaining the issue of Female Genital Mutilation in Sierra Leone. In this study, this study discusses the role of WHO through CEDAW and the Maputo Protocol which has been ratified by Sierra Leone in the implementation of FGM practices that involve the culture of the Sierra Leone community for women's processes to drive international movements and activities. FGM culture itself is a form against women. In explaining this research, the researcher obtained data through journals, books, theses, scientific reports, the internet, and government reports as well as international organization responses submitted to FGM in Sierra Leone. Theories used are human rights, international organizations, and roles. Researchers draw conclusions about the application of CEDAW by the Sierra Leone government on the issue of eliminating Female Genital Mutilation not implemented well by the Sierra Leone government because the government does not include laws governing national laws related to the implementation of traditional agreements involving FGM. The government's reason is feared as its national interest.

 

Keywords: World Health Organization (WHO), Sierra Leone, Convention on the Elimination of all Form of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), Maputo Protocol.

 

AUDIENCE RESEARCH ON KABARI NEWS MEDIA (PERCEPTIONS OF COMMUNICATION SCIENCE STUDENTS UTA'45 IN NORTH JAKARTA)

Dinar Ayu Chandra Agustin1*, Danang Trijayanto1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: dinaraca28@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: Research on the online news portal Kabari News departs from the reality that there has been a migration of audiences including the millennial generation from mainstream media to online media. Kabari new as a news portal is unique in terms of information. This news portal has an information section about America, Jakarta, and various other types of information. An important issue in this research is how the students' perceptions of the University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta on the appearance and types of information they consume. The purpose of this study was to determine students' perceptions of the type of content, display, and consumption of millennial information. The method used in this research is a quantitative approach which is used to measure the level of public acceptance of the news reports. The research was conducted at the University of 17 August 1945 Jakarta, Jalan Sunter Permai Raya, Sunter Agung Podomoro, North Jakarta. For those who are familiar with the news portal, let them know the news. The results of the study illustrate that in social media behavior in general, respondents access the Kabari News portal to get information, which is divided into the latest information and the latest events. In addition, information about Jakarta was certainly the most visited at 44.2%. With culinary information, travel, entertainment, and lifestyle are genres that are more visited by respondents than other information

 

Keywords: audience migration, online media, news portals

 

 

ANALYSIS OF THE UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY IN MOVING THE EMBASSY FROM TEL AVIV TO JERUSALEM IN 2016-2019

Agung Y. Nugroho1*, Ayu Ratnasari1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: agung.nugroho@uta45jakarta.ac.id

ABSTRACT: This research analyzes the Foreign Policy of the United States of America in moving the Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in 2017. The purpose of this research is to find out the reasons why the decision was realized. The theoretical framework used in this research is Foreign Policy and the Concept of Policy Making, namely the Iron Triangle Concept, which discusses three institutions that have an important role in the process of making US foreign policy, namely the Bureaucracy, Congress and Interest Groups. In the discussion, it was also explained the impact of this decision on parties that were felt to be closely related to the conflict, namely Israel as the beneficiary country, Palestine as the injured party and the third was the UN member states. And the results of the analysis carried out by researchers, the reason the President made this decision was none other than because there was support from the congress, the bureaucracy and the interest group, namely AIPAC.

 

Keywords: United States, Israel, Palestine, Foreign Policy, Iron Triangle

 

APPLICATION OF PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS IN INDONESIA (STUDY ON: EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS IN THE ERA OF PRESIDENT JOKO WIDODO, 2014 – 2019)

Restu Rahmawati1*, Antonius Jeremias Beso1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: restu.rahmawati3@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the application of the presidential system in modern democracy in executive and legislative relations during the era of President Joko Widodo 2014-2019. Researchers used qualitative research methods with a case study approach. Researchers collected primary data in the form of in-depth interviews and observations. As for secondary data, researchers obtained from photos and literature studies. In this research, it produces a study that the implementation of executive and legislative relations in the 2014-2019 Jokowi leadership era can be seen from the strengthening of the executive which is marked by the dominance of parties supporting the government. With the strong support of political parties, the easier it will be for the government, in this case the executive to control the parliament. Then the impact of executive and legislative relations in the era of Joko Widodo's leadership in the 2014-2019 period for the presidential system in the modern democracy era, we can conclude that the impact of the strengthening of the presidential system is when the executive gets support from the majority parties in parliament and opposition forces that imbalance, it will form oligarchic patterns, which only benefit a part of the political elite in Indonesia. The impact is the weakening of racial democracy in Indonesia.

 

GREENPEACE’S STRATEGY IN EFFORT TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION IN JAKARTA 2018 – 2019

Khoirunnisa1*, Sapta Ariya1

1 Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: aniejubaidi@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: Air pollution is still a problem that has not been resolved until now, one of the areas that has a high enough level of pollution is Jakarta. In fact, air pollution itself is mostly generate by the daily activities of people living in Jakarta, such as pollution caused from vehicles, industry, power plants, and household activities. The government has also made many efforts to reduce the high levels of air pollution in Jakarta, but people should also take a role in helping the government to be able to realize a city of Jakarta that is free from air pollution. There are also parties who are fighting for the reduction of air pollution in Jakarta, one of which is Greenpeace as a non-governmental organization engaged in the environmental sector. This research discusses Greenpeace, which has implemented several strategies to help reduce air pollution in Jakarta, including Greenpeace conducting several campaigns regarding the importance of having access to air that is free from pollution in order to support a healthier life.

 

Keywords: Air pollution, Jakarta, Greenpeace, Strategy.

 

 

 

LAW

 

 

 

COVID-19 AND BARRIERS TO APPLICATION OF NON-REFOULEMENT PRINCIPLES

Wagiman1*

1 Law Faculty, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Indonesia

* Corresponding author

E-mail: wagiman2014@gmail.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

ABSTRACT: The principle of non-refoulment is a basic principle of international law that protects refugees. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the implementation of the non-refoulement principle. Refugees and asylum seekers are not at high risk of contracting the virus but they may also experience difficulties in seeking asylum due to measures imposed by the government in a pandemic situation. National and international responses to the COVID-19 pandemic are vulnerable in society to refugees affected by war, persecution, and disaster. The government must find a way to reconcile the incoming ones imposed in response to COVID-19 with the principle of non-refoulment. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (“UNHCR”) has come close to curbing the risk of a COVID-19 outbreak in this vulnerable community. Governments must remain aware that their obligations are under the law and should endeavor to include refugees and asylum seekers in plans to spread COVID-19. The total closure of national borders is contrary to Article 33 of the Refugee Convention. States should ensure that their actions are non-discriminatory and are otherwise active in unique situations that challenge asylum seekers and refugees.

 

Keywords: Protection, Refugees, Non-refoulement.

 

 

CRIMINALIZATION OF NON-PERFORMING LOANS IN STATE-OWNED BANK AS A CORRUPTION ACT RELATED TO LEGAL CERTAINTY PURPOSE

Khalimi, S.H., M.H.

University of 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

Master Of Legal Studies Program, Faculty Of Law

2020

ABSTRACT: Non-performing loans have become a scourge in the banking sector. The non-performing loans have a wide effect, including banks having to lose part of their income to eradicate their productive assets, low capital adequacy ratios, under special supervision, being liquidated, and even become legal issues. Banking management is independent and has very strict regulations. The loan agreement between the bank as a creditor and the customer as a debtor is a form of civil law, but the fact is that many cases of non-performing loans at State-Owned Enterprise are criminalized as an act of corruption. Therefore, legal certainty is needed to answer about the criminalization of non-performing loans, as well as the direction of ratio dicidendi (the rationale for the decision) for judges in determining non-performing loans case decisions. This is the main reason for this research. The normative juridical method with reference to secondary data in this study will be an approach to analyze the problems of law enforcement in non-performing loan cases which have affected the real sector. The results showed, Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning the Eradication of Corruption as amended by Law Number 20 of 2001 concerning Amendments to Law Number 31 of 1999, only applies to state-owned banks when there is a criminal act of non-performing loans, while in private banks the law is not enforced. Law Number 7 of 1992 concerning Banking as amended by Act Number 10 of 1998, does not form the formulation of the prosecutor's indictment to ensnare the management, employees or customers of state-owned banks, because the Banking Crime does not state the criteria for banking crimes that are included in the corruption act, whereas Article 14 of Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning the Eradication of Corruption provides an opportunity to include it. The Banking Crime and the Eradication of Corruption are specific regulations overriding general regulations (lex specialis derogat legi generali), but they cannot resolve juridical disputes, so legal certainty becomes difficult to materialize.

 

Keywords: Non-Performing Loans, the Eradication of Corruption, Banking Crime

 

 

 

ADVERSARIAL SYSTEM IN ANSWERING THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN INDONESIA TOWARDS REVOLUTION 4.0

*Kurniawan Tri Wibowo, SH., MH, CPL

1Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: one_agp@yahoo.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

 

ABSTRACT: The internet has given birth to new concepts in various fields, such as in the field of trade (e-commerce), education (e-learning), government (e-government), business (e-business), and politics (e-democracy). This new concept certainly brings positive benefits for efficient and effective performance. This also happened to court performances that also experienced changes using the internet. Post the Supreme Court issued MA Regulation (PERMA) Number 3 of 2018 concerning administration in court electronically. The enactment of Supreme Court Regulation No. 3 of 2018, became an initial milestone in the revolution in the case administration in court. Then is it only in the case administration revolution in court, what about other systems? and how the criminal justice system in Indonesia responds to the challenges of the 4.0 revolution.

The current case administration revolution in court can only change by touching on the procedural law of civil procedure, military justice, and state administration, all of which have similar systems, namely the principle of civil justice / adversarial system. The principle of efficiency and effectiveness will certainly be an important point in the case administration revolution in court. Therefore the criminal justice system must also place itself in efficiency and effectiveness-based court. For example, in a quick trial, simple costs will not be realized if Indonesia still uses KUHAP. Case proceedings where the suspect has acknowledged all the incidents in the indictment, which took at least 3-4 months. With the plea of ​​training in the adversarial system the efficiency and effectiveness of the criminal justice system can be realized.

 

Keywords: Criminal Justice System, Revolution 4.0 and Adversarial System

 

 

THE GOVERNMENT POLICY ON PROTECTING WOMAN RIGHTS IMPACTED

COVID-19

*Tuti Widyaningrum, S.H., M.H.

Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: tuti.widyaningrum@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The Government of Indonesia, through the Task Force for the Acceleration of the Response to COVID-19, has developed a National Response and Mitigation Plan for COVID-19. President Joko Widodo has issued Presidential Regulation No. 103/2020 on Central Government guarantee on the financing of development programs in boosting the national economy and/or for the National Economic Recovery program. Minister of Home Affairs has issued Minister of Home Affairs Instruction No. 6/2020 on the enforcement of health protocols to control the spread of COVID-19. With restrictions to freedom of movement, combined with fear, tension, and stress-related to COVID-19, and the negative impacts on household incomes, risks of violence will continue to grow. In households where men have fallen ill or died from the epidemic, women and children may be left to fend for themselves, making them vulnerable to violence and sexual exploitation. Women are also more vulnerable to economic fragility during confinement and movement restrictions, for reasons that include their far greater representation in informal sector jobs. Decreased productivity is expected due to job absence, health-related and caring for children related. And lack of health insurance and overburden of health public facilities may also increase out-of-pocket health expenditures for families. This article suggests to the Government of Indonesia to Provide care and support for patients affected by COVID-19 and their families, Provide support for continued learning during school closure for the most vulnerable population, Provide social aid, and creating massive activities (not only training of pre-work / entrepreneurship programs) to prevent joblessness.

 

Keywords: Government Policy, Woman Rights, Covid-19

 

 

 

 

CRIMINALIZATION OF NON-PERFORMING LOANS IN STATE-OWNED BANK AS A CORRUPTION ACT RELATED TO LEGAL CERTAINTY PURPOSE

*Khalimi, S.H., M.H.

1Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: hupelita_indramayu@yahoo.co.id

These authors contributed equally to this work.

 

ABSTRACT: Non-performing loans have become a scourge in the banking sector. The non-performing loans have a wide effect, including banks having to lose part of their income to eradicate their productive assets, low capital adequacy ratios, under special supervision, being liquidated, and even become legal issues. Banking management is independent and has very strict regulations. The loan agreement between the bank as a creditor and the customer as a debtor is a form of civil law, but the fact is that many cases of non-performing loans at State-Owned Enterprise are criminalized as an act of corruption. Therefore, legal certainty is needed to answer about the criminalization of non-performing loans, as well as the direction of ratio dicidendi (the rationale for the decision) for judges in determining non-performing loans case decisions. This is the main reason for this research. The normative juridical method with reference to secondary data in this study will be an approach to analyze the problems of law enforcement in non-performing loan cases which have affected the real sector. The results showed, Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning the Eradication of Corruption as amended by Law Number 20 of 2001 concerning Amendments to Law Number 31 of 1999, only applies to state-owned banks when there is a criminal act of non-performing loans, while in private banks the law is not enforced. Law Number 7 of 1992 concerning Banking as amended by Act Number 10 of 1998, does not form the formulation of the prosecutor's indictment to ensnare the management, employees or customers of state-owned banks, because the Banking Crime does not state the criteria for banking crimes that are included in the corruption act, whereas Article 14 of Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning the Eradication of Corruption provides an opportunity to include it. The Banking Crime and the Eradication of Corruption are specific regulations overriding general regulations (lex specialis derogat legi generali), but they cannot resolve juridical disputes, so legal certainty becomes difficult to materialize.

 

Keywords: Non-Performing Loans, the Eradication of Corruption, Banking Crime

 

 

REGULATION IN BANKING ANTICIPATION OF POST-COVID-19 IMPACT

Rio Christiawan

Fakultas Hukum, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta

Jalan Sunter Permai Raya Nomor 36, Jakarta Utara, 14350

rchristiawan@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: The banking sector is one of the sectors most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the banking sector is an imbalance between the funding functions because customers tend to withdraw deposits and halt their deposits and long-term investment. On the other hand, funding customers affected by the pandemic are unable to fulfill their obligations as stated in the credit agreement, which in turn greatly reducing bank liquidity. The bank’s intermediation function as stipulated in Article 3 of Law No. 7 of 1992 on Banking also cannot be properly implemented. Furthermore, with the high decline in credit collectability level and high amount of NPLs, Regulation of the Financial Services Authority No. 15/POJK.03/2017 on Stipulation of Status and Follow-Up Action to the Supervision of Commercial Banks requires banks as financial service providers to provide reserve funds due to increased credit risk. The obligation to increase the reserve funds for each credit portfolio that is unable to meet its obligations due to the impact of an extraordinary event will potentially cause systemic disruption that results in a banking crisis. Another problem caused by this regulation is the fact that public savings funds will not be absorbed effectively because banks will use public savings funds as reserve funds for problem loans.

 

Keywords: Regulation; Pandemic; Banking Sector; Anticipation.

 

 

 

 

THE POSSIBILITY OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CULTURAL DEFENSE IN INDONESIAN CRIMINAL JUSTICE PRACTICE

*Junior B. Gregorius, S.H., M.H.

Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: gregorilaw@yahoo.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

ABSTRACT: This article is an initial idea to implement a type of defense in criminal law known as cultural defense which bases its argument on the legal perception of a certain indigenous group that says violence (murder) on the basis of culture is not a criminal offense. Meanwhile, the State Criminal Court may even be subject to high sentences to the cultural violence perpetrators. By using the cultural defense theory proposed by Alison-Dundes Renteln and supported thereof by legal justification according to material wederrechtelijkheid defense, this research found that the high number of criminal charges against perpetrators of cultural violence because of the role of various defense in criminal law which was not proportional. In addition, this article also found that collaboration between cultural defense and the materielle wederrechtelijkheid defense in its negative functions are more effective in defending perpetrators of violence on cultural grounds. Finally, this article suggests that the Indonesian Criminal Justice System needs to consider the application of cultural defense in Indonesian criminal justice practices in the line with the presence of the living law referred to as RKUHP and the descriptions of multicultural Indonesian community groups.

 

Keywords: The defense in criminal law, cultural defense, living law in the society, legal justification.

 

 

IMPLEMENT INSOLVENCY TEST COMPLETION AS A PARAMETER TO DETERMINE BANKRUPTCY IN INDONESIA

*Dyah Ersita Yustanti, S.H., M.H.

Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: dyustanti@yahoo.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

 

ABSTRACT: The provision concerning application bankruptcy in Indonesia is very lenient and tend excessive protection to the creditor's interest without considering the insolvency conditions of the debtor who has more asset than debt. This research uses normative legal research methods to produce descriptive-analytical data. The results of this research indicate that Indonesia needs to apply an insolvency test as a determining parameter of bankruptcy to avoid solvent bankruptcy.

 

Keywords: Bankruptcy, Insolvency, Insolvency Test Bankruptcy, Insolvency, Insolvency Test

 

 

PANCASILA DEMOCRACY IN SIMULTANEOUS REGIONAL ELECTIONS IN THE COVID 19 EPIDEMIC PERIODE

*Cecep Suhardiman, S.H., M.H.

Fаculty of Law, Univerѕitаѕ 17 Аguѕtuѕ 1945 Jаkаrta

* Corresponding author

E-mail: cecepsuhardiman68@gmail.com

These authors contributed equally to this work.

 

ABSTRACT: Every Indonesian citizen is allowed to participate in and participate in politics, this is guaranteed by the state as stated in Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution, namely:"Freedom, association, and assembly, expressing thoughts orally, in writing, and so on are stipulated by law." Law No.12 of 2005 concerning the guarantee of civil and political rights in which points of rights must be protected by the state regarding the right to an opinion, the right to associate, the right to vote and be elected, the same rights before the law and government, the right to justice. This article discusses Pancasila democracy in the simultaneous regional elections in the Covid 19 pandemic. The simultaneous regional elections will initially be held on September 23, 2020, to select 9 governors, 224 regents, and 37 mayors simultaneously before Indonesia is hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. After Indonesia was hit by the Covid 19 pandemic, the General Election Commissions (KPU) issued a KPU decree Number: 179 / PL.02-kpt / 01 / KPU / III / 2020 which, among other things, regulated the postponement of several stages of the 2020 Pilkada. With direct democracy, people hope to be able to choose a leader according to the people's choice of heart, but in the application of Pancasila Democracy, there are values ​​that are upheld, namely the principle of human moral values. Public health and safety must be prioritized, for that, we need strict regulations governing the implementation of direct democracy

 

Keywords: Pancasila Democracy, Regional Elections, Covid 19 Pandemic.

 

 

 

IMPOSITION OF DEATH PENALTY FOR DRUG TRAFFICKER IN INDONESIA :

PERSPEKTIVE OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Warih Anjari

Faculty of Law, 17 August 1945 University Jakarta

Corresponding author: warih.anjari@uta45jakarta.ac.id

 

ABSTRACT: This paper seeks to analyze the imposition of capital punishment against drug traffickers and the execution of the death penalty from a human rights perspective. Data obtained through literature study that produces secondary data. The analysis was carried out in a descriptive qualitative manner. The results obtained by the death penalty are still relevant to be implemented in Indonesia, especially for narcotics traffickers. The application of capital punishment does not contradict human rights because the Indonesian criminal law system is still legalizing it, both in the positive criminal law and the future criminal law.

 

Key Words: Death Penalty Drug Trafficker Human Rights